1. Walk with awareness of your surroundings. Attackers will usually attack when you least expect it and love it when you look un-attentive to what is happening around you. Avoid walking with headphones in your ears, talking on the phone or when texting, especially when you are in isolated areas. Depending on your location and time, make sure that you pay very close attention to your surroundings; this way, you can actually have enough time to get away before an attacker gets to you as soon as you see the signs of an imminent attack.
2. Choose your clothes carefully especially when you know you will be in risky areas or late. For instance, it would be much easier to attack a woman who is in high heels and in tight skirt than one dressed in sneakers and jeans. Do not let clothes inhibit movement that can actually save your life when the situation arises.
3. Carry a visible weapon. Remember that you may not always have enough time to draw your weapon when you are already in a confrontation. Make yourself a bad target by carrying your weapon visibly where possible. For instance, if you are a woman, it can be very beneficial to carry a pepper spray in your hand rather than just keep it in your purse especially in areas that are isolated. An attacker will think twice about approaching an armed person compared to one without anything.
4. Decrease rewards in the eyes of the attacker. The fact is that most attackers will strike in relation with what they feel they stand to gain from the victim. If you know that you will be visiting areas that are isolated or those that have a reputation of attacks, be careful not to wear very expensive clothes and jewelry. You should also not carry your expensive looking purse loosely in your hand or other items that attract attention of predators like computers and smartphones.
5. Secure your home. Create as many obstacles for attacks as you possibly can even around your home. Keep your doors and windows locked and be careful who you open the door for. Simple measures can go a long way in keeping you safe.
Self-defense starts with prevention. Find out what you can do to decrease chances of getting attacked, but be ready to stand for yourself in case you eventually get attacked.